What Is Underwater Archaeology?

Underwater archaeology—also known as marine, maritime, or nautical archaeology—systematically records, documents, and studies the remains of human-built structures and the evidence of human activities found underwater or near bodies of water, such as shipwrecks, harbours, wharves, and other maritime structures.

Documentation is key to archaeology—not just the meticulous recording of the features and timbers of the wreck but the precise location of each object found. This information not only sheds light on ship design, technology, and construction techniques but also on trade relations and seafaring traditions.

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